Track n 400 application status


Soon-to-be U. Over 7, people from more than countries became citizens at the ceremony. In the fiscal year that began Oct.

The following year, as the presidential campaign heated up, , applied. Nonprofit organizations that help immigrants apply for naturalization, such as Catholic Charities, also are seeing more requests for information about citizenship and help with the application process. Since , federal data shows that the time it takes for a naturalization application to wend its way through the approval process has more than doubled, from about four or five months to a year or more, depending on where the applicant lives.

In Harlingen, Texas, for instance, the wait time is now as long as 18 months, according to recently released data from U. Citizenship and Immigration Services. In Fort Myers, Florida, the wait is even longer, up to nearly 21 months. That means that someone who applies now to become a citizen has almost no chance of getting sworn in before the November midterm elections.

The immigration agency recently began publicly acknowledging the surge in applications and in mid-March changed its online listing to more accurately reflect wait times, agency officials said. The crunch at the immigration agency is not caused simply by a surge in applications.

Become a US Citizen: How Long Is the Process?? | Road to Status

The fee-based funding was formally approved by Congress in , when it separated immigration law enforcement functions from the segment of the agency that handles naturalization and green card processing. It is set up in such a way that makes it almost impossible for the agency to catch up.

The reliance on fees began during the Reagan administration to ensure that taxpayers — which includes green card holders and other noncitizens — would not foot the bill for those who want to become citizens. The system works like this: When there are 50 applicants, the agency collects fees from those 50, which is enough to process the next But when the number of applicants grows exponentially, the agency is paying for its operations with fees collected in the previous year from far fewer applicants, which inevitably contributes to a slowdown.

In the past, Congress has called on the immigration agency to make a big dent in its backlog. But Congress has rarely stepped in to provide such additional funds. Currently, the immigration debate in Congress is elsewhere, focused on enforcement at the Mexican border and the fate of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program.

He has been in the U.

Five Tips for Filing the N-400 Form

He worried that might mar his application. A few months later, a letter arrived with the good news: He was sworn in as a U. Martha Garcia, 38, and her parents plan to apply for citizenship. All three plan to apply for citizenship. But given the wait times, Garcia knows she is unlikely to reach one of her goals this year: She hopes that by becoming a citizen, she will be able to help her partner, who works in construction, eventually become a citizen, too.

Laura Vazquez who works on immigration issues for UnidosUS formerly the National Council of La Raza , said immigration advocacy organizations have asked repeatedly for U. There currently are no requests for extra funding from Congress or other efforts to increase its staff that works on applications. And more applications are likely, she said, because of the presidential election. Brave investigations that change minds, laws and lives. Emailed directly to you. Reveal reporter Aura Bogado contributed to this story. Miranda S. Spivack can be reached at mirandaspivack yahoo.

Follow her on Twitter: Thanks for your interest in republishing this story. To the contrary, top USCIS officials work around-the-clock to come up with creative ways to make life as difficult as possible for those who submit applications to work or live in the United States. The most recent USCIS effort to discourage or prevent foreign nationals from joining a loved one, making a career in America, or even departing the U. As explained below, few Americans likely understand the dire consequences a foreign-born professional placed in deportation proceedings will face under the new policy — even if he or she did nothing more than have an application denied after waiting a long time for a decision.

Online at the USCIS Website

To better understand the new policy and its implications, I interviewed Jennifer Minear , a director in the immigration practice group at McCandlish Holton. Jennifer has practiced immigration law, with an emphasis on employment-based immigration, for more than 14 years. Stuart Anderson: Jennifer Minear: The potential harsh consequences as a result of this memo are staggering. Citizenship and Immigration Services. The purpose of the Notice to Appear is to place an individual into deportation proceedings.

In the past, USCIS has generally referred matters of potentially removable foreign nationals to ICE to determine whether removal proceedings should actually be initiated by issuing a Notice to Appear. Now, USCIS will issue a Notice to Appear on its own initiative and thereby place individuals in removal proceedings upon denial of an application or petition for immigration benefits if the person is deemed removable at the time of the denial.

What are the consequences of an individual receiving a Notice to Appear vs. Previously, if an application or petition for immigration benefits were to be denied, the foreign national might be able to depart the U. However, once an individual is issued a Notice to Appear, he or she is legally obligated to remain in the U.

If the person fails to appear in immigration court in compliance with the Notice to Appear, then a deportation order will be issued against the person. The failure to appear for removal proceedings carries a 5-year bar on re-entry to the United States. While it would be possible to apply for a waiver of that bar, there is no guarantee that the waiver would be granted. Having been previously ordered deported from the U. While the USCIS processing time for the naturalization form is approximately 6 months, the complete process of applying for naturalization and becoming a U.

In order to apply for citizenship, there are some requirements that you must meet beforehand.

How Long Does it Take to Become a U.S. Citizen?

If you are married to a U. Citizen, the amount of time that you must have been in the United States consecutively is reduced from 5 years to 3 years. You may, however, file your application 90 days before you have met the residency requirement of either 3 years if you are married to a U. The actual processing of your N application by USCIS can take anywhere from six months to a year and potentially even longer.

If a mistake is found in your application by USCIS, it will be returned to you and you will need to fix the mistakes and re-apply. This can significantly delay the completion of your process, significantly increase the cost of your process, and this can potentially happen multiple times with one application which would significantly extend the amount of time that it will take to become a US citizen. This is an area where Road to Status can come in handy.


Our software checks applications for common mistakes to help ensure that your application gets accepted the first time around. After the application is properly filed mailed and accepted by USCIS, there are still the following steps that you will need to take to finish the process and successfully become a US Citizen. During this appointment, you will have your fingerprints, photograph, and signature taken so that USCIS can run background checks and verify the information you submitted on your application.

The notice will provide you with instructions on when and where you should appear, as well as the proper ID to bring with you. This is not an appointment to submit documents, just to verify your information and have your photo, fingerprints, and signature captured. If the machines have a hard time capturing your information, USCIS can send a second appointment notice, and you do need to appear for any appointments scheduled.

The next appointment notice you will be sent is for your Naturalization interview.

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